Ergonomics and Human Factor

Basic Ergonomics Awareness

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Back pain of business person

Basic Ergonomics Awareness

The OSH Act 1994 and the new guidelines set by Department Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) on Risk Assessment at Workplace 2017 requires all employers to provide a safe and healthy working environment which also means to minimize occurrences of chronic and acute body injuries due to work.

Ergonomics is defined as fitting the working environment to workers and how to maximize the relationship between human and working system. One of the major consequences of lacking ergonomic considerations is the onset of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) or injuries among workers. Examples of MSDs are backaches, persistent pain and discomfort on the body parts (neck, shoulders, hands, knees, and legs), Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Tendonitis, etc. Musculoskeletal injuries will reduce worker abilities to perform work and the occurrence must be controlled.

While medical treatments to cure, musculoskeletal injuries are not promising, they are usually expensive and prolonged. Worldwide, experts have agreed that the ONLY way to combat the onset of musculoskeletal injuries to workers is to have a pro-active ergonomics program and work improvement measure which focus on practical measures with target to eliminate the root causes of musculoskeletal injuries.

Minimizing ergonomics related health and safety risks is not a simple task. It requires awareness, training and competency, proper planning, assessment, work improvement, monitoring of employees ability to do work without pain and discomfort and safe working system. This process is a continuous one and must be guided properly.

At the end of this training, participants will be able to:
• Learn the principles of ergonomics and their applications
• Understand good working practices
• Identify work tasks that may lead to pain or injury
• Learn practical ergonomics solutions
• Learn back strengthening exercises

• Introduction and explanation of ergonomics
• Definition of Ergonomics
• Objectives of Ergonomics
• Benefits of Ergonomics
• Introductions of Guideline on Ergonomics Risk Assessment At Workplace
• Introduction to ERA
• Planning and Conducting Ergonomics Risk
• Process for Initial ERA
• ERA Approach
• Ergonomics risk factors.
• Risk factors which lead to Musculoskeletal Disorders
• Identifying Ergonomics Risk factors
• Personal Risk Factors
• Other Risk Factors
• Ergonomics Risk Factors Identifications
• Musculoskeletal Disorders at workplace
• Ergonomics related Injuries
• Consequences of Injuries
• Practical ways and strategies to apply ergonomics at work.
• Case studies: Identify ergonomic concerns at our workplace.
• Identify good and bad practices.
• Examples of simple practical solution.
• Stretching and strengthening.

• All workers involved with manual handling tasks such as lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling and carrying techniques

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Course Info

Estimated Duration 1 Day or 2 Days
Maximum Students 25 Participants
Time 9.00 am to 5.00 pm
Levels Basics

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